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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
____________________ 
FORM 10-Q
 ____________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended December 31, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period From              to             
Commission File Number 000-23554
StoneX Group Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 59-2921318
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
230 Park Ave, 10th Floor
New York, NY 10169
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(212) 485-3500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueSNEXThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes   No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer, ” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerx  Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated fileroSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No 
As of February 5, 2024, there were 31,550,004 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.


StoneX Group Inc.
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period Ended December 31, 2023
Table of Contents
  Page
Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Part II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 5.
Item 6.



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
StoneX Group Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(in millions, except par value and share amounts)December 31,
2023
September 30,
2023
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$1,157.6 $1,108.3 
Cash, securities and other assets segregated under federal and other regulations (including $3.5 million and $5.8 million at fair value at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively)
2,774.6 2,426.3 
Collateralized transactions:
Securities purchased under agreements to resell3,799.8 2,979.5 
Securities borrowed994.5 1,129.1 
Deposits with and receivables from broker-dealers, clearing organizations and counterparties, net (including $3,769.3 million and $4,248.3 million at fair value at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively)
7,474.1 7,443.8 
Receivable from clients, net (including $1.1 million and $(7.9) million at fair value at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively)
825.6 683.1 
Notes receivable, net5.3 5.2 
Income taxes receivable20.8 25.1 
Financial instruments owned, at fair value (includes securities pledged as collateral that can be sold or repledged of $1,870.2 million and $1,466.4 million at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively)
5,064.4 5,044.8 
Physical commodities inventory, net (including $314.4 million and $386.5 million at fair value at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively)
518.4 537.3 
Deferred tax asset37.4 45.4 
Property and equipment, net127.0 123.5 
Operating right of use assets137.9 122.1 
Goodwill and intangible assets, net80.5 82.4 
Other assets226.9 182.8 
Total assets$23,244.8 $21,938.7 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Liabilities:
Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities (including $1.6 million and $1.5 million at fair value at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively)
$446.3 $533.0 
Operating lease liabilities169.3 149.3 
Payables to:
Clients (including $453.0 million and $79.8 million at fair value at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively)
10,048.6 9,976.0 
Broker-dealers, clearing organizations and counterparties (including $51.5 million and $10.2 million at fair value at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively)
541.5 442.4 
Lenders under loans418.5 341.0 
Senior secured borrowings, net342.9 342.1 
Income taxes payable41.2 38.2 
Deferred tax liability8.8 8.1 
Collateralized transactions:
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase6,054.2 4,526.6 
Securities loaned942.7 1,117.3 
Financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value2,748.0 3,085.6 
Total liabilities21,762.0 20,559.6 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
Stockholders' equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value. Authorized 1,000,000 shares; no shares issued or outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value. Authorized 200,000,000 shares; 35,405,165 issued and 31,494,180 outstanding at December 31, 2023 and 35,105,852 issued and 31,194,867 outstanding at September 30, 2023
0.4 0.4 
Common stock in treasury, at cost. 3,910,985 shares at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023
(69.3)(69.3)
Additional paid-in-capital378.7 371.7 
Retained earnings1,197.2 1,128.1 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net(24.2)(51.8)
Total equity1,482.8 1,379.1 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$23,244.8 $21,938.7 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
1

StoneX Group Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Income Statements
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended December 31,
(in millions, except share and per share amounts)20232022
Revenues:
Sales of physical commodities$18,820.9 $12,403.4 
Principal gains, net293.8 254.2 
Commission and clearing fees129.7 118.0 
Consulting, management, and account fees38.5 39.8 
Interest income290.1 196.2 
Total revenues19,573.0 13,011.6 
Cost of sales of physical commodities18,788.8 12,356.8 
Operating revenues784.2 654.8 
Transaction-based clearing expenses74.3 67.3 
Introducing broker commissions39.1 36.8 
Interest expense236.0 154.3 
Interest expense on corporate funding13.2 14.4 
Net operating revenues421.6 382.0 
Compensation and other expenses:
Compensation and benefits218.1 199.0 
Trading systems and market information18.7 17.7 
Professional fees15.7 15.9 
Non-trading technology and support16.9 14.8 
Occupancy and equipment rental7.7 8.9 
Selling and marketing11.7 12.9 
Travel and business development7.1 5.7 
Communications2.2 2.2 
Depreciation and amortization11.2 12.7 
Bad debts (recoveries), net(0.3)0.7 
Other16.9 19.4 
Total compensation and other expenses325.9 309.9 
Gain on acquisition 23.5 
Income before tax95.7 95.6 
Income tax expense26.6 19.0 
Net income$69.1 $76.6 
Earnings per share:
Basic$2.20 $2.50 
Diluted$2.13 $2.41 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic30,233,107 29,657,724 
Diluted31,274,307 30,749,778 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

StoneX Group Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended December 31,
(in millions)20232022
Net income$69.1 $76.6 
Other comprehensive gain, net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustment 6.9 8.2 
Cash flow hedges20.7 14.7 
Total other comprehensive gain, net of tax27.6 22.9 
Comprehensive income$96.7 $99.5 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

StoneX Group Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended December 31,
(in millions)20232022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$69.1 $76.6 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization11.2 12.7 
Amortization of right of use assets3.2 3.4 
Bad debts (recoveries), net(0.3)0.7 
Deferred income taxes1.5 4.0 
Amortization of debt issuance costs1.5 1.2 
Amortization of share-based compensation7.6 5.5 
Gain on acquisition (23.5)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net:
Securities and other assets segregated under federal and other regulations2.3 585.4 
Securities purchased under agreements to resell(820.3)(1,081.2)
Securities borrowed134.6 725.6 
Deposits with and receivables from broker-dealers, clearing organizations, and counterparties, net(206.8)1,318.9 
Receivables from clients, net(142.2)21.5 
Notes receivable, net(0.1) 
Income taxes receivable4.2 10.0 
Financial instruments owned, at fair value(11.1)(221.1)
Physical commodities inventory, net18.9 (76.7)
Other assets(44.8)(27.5)
Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities(87.0)(65.5)
Operating lease liabilities1.0 1.2 
Payables to clients72.6 (681.3)
Payables to broker-dealers, clearing organizations, and counterparties99.1 (325.4)
Income taxes payable3.7 8.2 
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase1,527.6 1,724.0 
Securities loaned(174.6)(705.6)
Financial instruments sold, not yet purchased, at fair value(318.5)(244.4)
Net cash provided by operating activities152.4 1,046.7 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Acquisition of businesses and assets, net of cash received (6.5)
Purchases of property and equipment(12.7)(11.3)
Net cash used in investing activities(12.7)(17.8)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Net change in payables to lenders under loans with maturities 90 days or less77.5 122.1 
Proceeds from payables to lenders under loans with maturities greater than 90 days 110.0 
Repayments of payables to lenders under loans with maturities greater than 90 days  (145.0)
Shares withheld to cover taxes on vesting of equity awards(1.1) 
Exercise of stock options0.5 1.5 
Net cash provided by financing activities76.9 88.6 
Effect of exchange rates on cash, segregated cash, cash equivalents, and segregated cash equivalents6.8 8.1 
Net increase in cash, segregated cash, cash equivalents, and segregated cash equivalents223.4 1,125.6 
Cash, segregated cash, cash equivalents, and segregated cash equivalents at beginning of period6,041.7 6,285.1 
Cash, segregated cash, cash equivalents, and segregated cash equivalents at end of period$6,265.1 $7,410.7 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest$281.5 $164.9 
Income taxes paid, net of cash refunds$18.4 $(3.5)
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Identified intangible assets and goodwill on acquisitions$ $8.9 
Acquisition of business:
Assets acquired$ $139.5 
Liabilities assumed 82.2 
Total net assets acquired$ $57.3 
    
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

StoneX Group Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Continued
(Unaudited)

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, segregated cash, cash equivalents, and segregated cash equivalents reported within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
December 31,
(in millions)20232022
Cash and cash equivalents$1,157.6 $1,252.1 
Cash segregated under federal and other regulations(1)
2,771.1 2,298.6 
Securities segregated under federal and other regulations(1)
 0.1 
Cash segregated and deposited with or pledged to exchange-clearing organizations and other futures commission merchants (“FCMs”)(2)
1,455.3 2,141.0 
Securities segregated and pledged to exchange-clearing organizations(2)
881.1 1,718.9 
Total cash, segregated cash, cash equivalents, and segregated cash equivalents shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows$6,265.1 $7,410.7 

(1) Represents segregated client cash held at third-party banks. Excludes segregated commodity warehouse receipts, segregated U.S. Treasury obligations with original or acquired maturities of greater than 90 days, and other assets of $3.5 million and $19.9 million as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, included within Cash, securities and other assets segregated under federal and other regulations on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

(2) Represents segregated client cash and U.S. Treasury obligations on deposit with, or pledged to, exchange clearing organizations and other FCMs. Excludes non-segregated cash, segregated U.S. Treasury obligations pledged to exchange-clearing organizations with original or acquired maturities greater than 90 days, and other assets of $5,137.7 million and $3,016.3 million as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, included within Deposits with and receivables from broker-dealers, clearing organizations, and counterparties, net on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

StoneX Group Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended December 31, 2022
(in millions)Common Stock Treasury Stock Additional Paid-in Capital Retained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Loss, netTotal
Balances as of September 30, 2022$0.4 $(69.3)$340.0 $889.6 $(90.6)$1,070.1 
Net income— — — 76.6 — 76.6 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — 22.9 22.9 
Exercise of stock options— — 1.5 — — 1.5 
Share-based compensation— — 5.5 — — 5.5 
Balances as of December 31, 2022$0.4 $(69.3)$347.0 $966.2 $(67.7)$1,176.6 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2023
(in millions)Common Stock Treasury Stock Additional Paid-in Capital Retained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Loss, netTotal
Balances as of September 30, 2023$0.4 $(69.3)$371.7 $1,128.1 $(51.8)$1,379.1 
Net income— — — 69.1 — 69.1 
Other comprehensive gain, net of tax— — — — 27.6 27.6 
Exercise of stock options— — 0.5 — — 0.5 
Shares withheld to cover taxes on vesting of equity awards— — (1.1)— — (1.1)
Share-based compensation— — 7.6 — — 7.6 
Balances as of December 31, 2023$0.4 $(69.3)$378.7 $1,197.2 $(24.2)$1,482.8 



See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

StoneX Group Inc.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Note 1 – Basis of Presentation and Consolidation and Accounting Standards Adopted
StoneX Group Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively “StoneX” or “the Company”), is a global financial services network that connects companies, organizations, traders and investors to the global market ecosystem through a unique blend of digital platforms, end-to-end clearing and execution services, high touch service, and deep expertise. The Company strives to be the one trusted partner to its clients, providing its network, products and services to allow them to pursue trading opportunities, manage their market risks, make investments and improve their business performance. The Company offers a vertically integrated product suite, beginning with high-touch and electronic access to nearly all major financial markets worldwide, as well as numerous liquidity venues. The Company delivers access and services through the entire lifecycle of a trade, by delivering deep market expertise and on-the-ground intelligence, best execution, and finally post-trade clearing, custody, as well as settlement services. The Company has created revenue streams, diversified by asset class, client type and geography, that earn commissions, spreads, and principal revenue as clients execute transactions across its financial network, while monetizing non-trading client activity including interest and fee earnings on client balances as well as earning consulting fees for market intelligence and risk management services.
The Company provides its services to a diverse group of clients in more than 180 countries. These clients include more than 54,000 commercial, institutional, and payments clients and over 400,000 retail clients. The Company’s clients include commercial entities, asset managers, regional, national and introducing broker-dealers, insurance companies, brokers, institutional investors and professional traders, commercial and investment banks and government and non-governmental organizations (“NGOs”).
The Company’s common stock trades on The NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “SNEX”.
Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2023, which has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet of September 30, 2023, and the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations. The Company believes that the included disclosures clearly and fairly present the information within. In management’s opinion, all adjustments, generally consisting of normal accruals, considered necessary to fairly present the condensed consolidated financial statements for the interim periods presented have been reflected as required by Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X.
Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023, as filed with the SEC on November 24, 2023.
These condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of StoneX Group Inc. and all entities in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. All material intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
The Company’s fiscal year end is September 30, and its fiscal quarters end on December 31, March 31, June 30 and September 30. Unless otherwise stated, all dates refer to fiscal years and fiscal interim periods.
Preparing condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as of the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The most significant of these estimates and assumptions relate to fair value measurement for financial instruments, revenue recognition, valuation of inventories, and income taxes. These estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and actions the Company may undertake in the future. The Company reviews all significant estimates affecting the financial statements on a recurring basis and records the effect of any necessary adjustments prior to financial statement issuance. Although these and other estimates and assumptions are based on the best available information, actual results could be materially different from these estimates. Estimates and assumptions were considered and made in context with the information reasonably available to the Company as of December 31, 2023 and through the date of this Form 10-Q.
In the Condensed Consolidated Income Statements, the total revenues reported combine gross revenues for the physical commodities business and net revenues for all other businesses. The subtotal Operating revenues in the Condensed
7

Consolidated Income Statements is calculated by deducting Cost of sales of physical commodities from Total revenues. The subtotal Net operating revenues in the Condensed Consolidated Income Statements is calculated as Operating revenues less Transaction-based clearing expenses, Introducing broker commissions, Interest expense, and Interest expense on corporate funding. Transaction-based clearing expenses represent variable expenses paid to executing brokers, exchanges, clearing organizations and banks in relation to transactional volumes. Introducing broker commissions include commission paid to certain non-employee third parties that have introduced clients to the Company. Net operating revenues represent revenues available to pay variable compensation to risk management consultants and traders, direct non-variable expenses, as well as variable and non-variable expenses to operational and administrative employees.
Common Stock Split
On November 7, 2023, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a three-for-two split of its common stock, to be effected as a stock dividend. The stock split was effective on November 24, 2023, and entitled each shareholder of record as of November 17, 2023 to receive one additional share of common stock for every two shares owned and cash in lieu of fractional shares.
The stock split increased the number of shares of common stock outstanding. All share and per share amounts contained herein have been retroactively adjusted for the stock split.
The shares of common stock retain a par value of $0.01 per share. Accordingly, an amount equal to the par value of the increased shares resulting from the stock split was reclassified from Additional paid-in-capital to Common stock.
Gain on acquisition
Gain on acquisition represents the value that the Company acquired in excess of consideration paid for business combinations. On October 31, 2022, the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, StoneX Netherlands B.V., acquired CDI-Societe Cotonniere De Distribution S.A. The fair value of identifiable net assets acquired was approximately $66.2 million and the purchase price was approximately $42.7 million. This resulted in a gain on acquisition of $23.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2022.
Accounting Standards
The Company did not adopt any new accounting standards during the three months ended December 31, 2023.
Note 2 – Earnings per Share
The Company presents basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) using the two-class method, which requires all outstanding unvested share-based payment awards that contain rights to non-forfeitable dividends and therefore participate in undistributed earnings with common stockholders be included in computing earnings per share. Under the two-class method, net income is reduced by the amount of dividends declared in the period for each class of common stock and participating security. The remaining undistributed earnings are then allocated to common stock and participating securities, based on their respective rights to receive dividends. Restricted stock awards granted to certain employees and directors contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends at the same rate as common stock and are considered participating securities. Basic EPS has been computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding.
The following is a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the diluted earnings per share computations for the periods presented below.
 Three Months Ended December 31,
(in millions, except share amounts)20232022
Numerator:
Net income$69.1 $76.6 
Less: Allocation to participating securities(2.4)(2.4)
Net income allocated to common stockholders$66.7 $74.2 
Denominator:
Weighted average number of:
Common shares outstanding30,233,107 29,657,724 
Dilutive potential common shares outstanding:
Share-based awards1,041,200 1,092,054 
Diluted weighted-average common shares31,274,307 30,749,778 
The dilutive effect of share-based awards is reflected in diluted net income per share by applying the treasury stock method, which includes consideration of unamortized share-based compensation expense.
Options to purchase 272,888 and 125,352 shares of common stock for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as they would have been anti-dilutive.
8

Note 3 – Assets and Liabilities, at Fair Value
Fair value is defined by U.S. GAAP as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between willing market participants on the measurement date.
Fair value is a market-based measure considered from the perspective of a market participant rather than an entity-specific measure. Even when market assumptions are not readily available, the Company is required to develop a set of assumptions that reflect those that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability at the measurement date. The Company uses prices and inputs that are current as of measurement date, including periods of market dislocation. In periods of market dislocation, the observability of prices and inputs may be reduced for many securities. This condition could cause a security to be reclassified to a lower level within the fair value hierarchy.
The Company has designed independent price verification controls to mitigate risks related to the reasonableness of such prices.
Financial and nonfinancial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). A market is active if there are sufficient transactions on an ongoing basis to provide current pricing information for the asset or liability, pricing information is released publicly, and price quotations do not vary substantially either over time or among market participants. Observable inputs reflect the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity.
Relevant guidance requires the Company to consider counterparty credit risk of all parties to outstanding derivative instruments that would be considered by a market participant in the transfer or settlement of such contracts (exit price). The Company’s exposure to credit risk on derivative financial instruments principally relates to the portfolio of Over-the-counter (“OTC”) derivative contracts as all exchange-traded contracts held can be settled on an active market with a credit guarantee from the respective exchange. The Company requires each counterparty to deposit margin collateral for all OTC instruments and is also required to deposit margin collateral with counterparties. The Company has assessed the nature of these deposits and used its discretion to adjust each based on the underlying credit considerations for the counterparty and determined that the collateral deposits minimize the exposure to counterparty credit risk in the evaluation of the fair value of OTC instruments as determined by a market participant.
In accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurement, the Company groups its assets and liabilities measured at fair value in three levels based on the markets in which the assets and liabilities are traded and the reliability of the assumptions used to determine fair value. These levels are:
Level 1 - Valuation is based upon unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities. Level 1 consists of financial assets and liabilities whose fair values are estimated using quoted market prices.
Level 2 - Valuation is based upon quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are less active, that is, markets in which there are few transactions for the asset or liability that are observable for substantially the full term. Included in Level 2 are those financial assets and liabilities for which fair values are estimated using models or other valuation methodologies. These models are primarily industry-standard models that consider various observable inputs, including time value, yield curve, volatility factors, observable current market and contractual prices for the underlying financial instruments, as well as other relevant economic measures.
Level 3 - Valuation is based on prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (i.e., supported by little or no market activity). Level 3 comprises financial assets and liabilities whose fair value is estimated based on internally developed models or methodologies utilizing significant inputs that are not readily observable from objective sources. Level 3 includes contingent liabilities that have been valued using an income approach based upon management developed discounted cash flow projections, which are an unobservable input.
Fair value of financial and nonfinancial assets and liabilities that are carried on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value on a recurring basis
Cash and cash equivalents reported at fair value on a recurring basis includes certificates of deposit and money market mutual funds, which are stated at cost plus accrued interest, which approximates fair value.
Cash, securities and other assets segregated under federal and other regulations reported at fair value on a recurring basis include the value of pledged investments, primarily U.S. Treasury obligations and commodities warehouse receipts.
Deposits with and receivables from broker-dealers, clearing organizations and counterparties and payable to clients and broker-dealers, clearing organizations and counterparties includes the fair value of pledged investments, primarily U.S. Treasury
9

obligations and foreign government obligations. These balances also include the fair value of exchange-traded options on futures and OTC forwards, swaps and options.
Financial instruments owned and sold, not yet purchased include the fair value of equity securities, which includes common, preferred, and foreign ordinary shares, American Depository Receipts (“ADRs”), Global Depository Receipts (“GDRs”), and exchange-traded funds (“ETFs”), corporate and municipal bonds, U.S. Treasury obligations, U.S. government agency obligations, foreign government obligations, agency mortgage-backed obligations, asset-backed obligations, derivative financial instruments, commodities warehouse receipts, exchange firm common stock, and investments in managed funds. The fair value of exchange firm common stock is determined by quoted market prices.
Cash equivalents, debt and equity securities, commodities warehouse receipts, physical commodities inventory, derivative financial instruments and contingent liabilities are carried at fair value, on a recurring basis, and are classified and disclosed into three levels in the fair value hierarchy.
The following section describes the valuation methodologies used by the Company to measure classes of financial instruments at fair value and specifies the level within the fair value hierarchy where various financial instruments are classified.
The Company uses quoted prices in active markets, where available, and classifies instruments with such quotes within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy. Examples include U.S. Treasury obligations, foreign government obligations, commodities warehouse receipts, certain equity securities traded in active markets, physical precious metals inventory held by a regulated broker-dealer subsidiary, exchange firm common stock, investments in managed funds, as well as options on futures contracts traded on national exchanges. The fair value of exchange firm common stock is determined by recent sale transactions and is included within Level 1.
When instruments are traded in secondary markets and observable prices are not available for substantially the full term, the Company generally relies on internal valuation techniques based upon observable inputs for comparable financial instruments, or prices obtained from third-party pricing services or brokers or a combination thereof, and accordingly, classified these instruments as Level 2. Examples include corporate and municipal bonds, U.S. government agency obligations, agency-mortgage backed obligations, asset-backed obligations, certain equity securities traded in less active markets, and OTC derivative contracts, which include purchase and sale commitments related to the Company’s foreign exchange, agricultural, and energy commodities.
Certain derivatives without a quoted price in an active market and derivatives executed OTC are valued using internal valuation techniques, including pricing models which utilize significant inputs observable to market participants. The valuation techniques and inputs depend on the type of derivative and the nature of the underlying instrument. The key inputs depend upon the type of derivative and the nature of the underlying instrument and include interest yield curves, foreign exchange rates, commodity prices, volatilities and correlation. These derivative instruments are included within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
Physical commodities inventory includes precious metals that are a part of the trading activities of a regulated broker-dealer subsidiary and is recorded at fair value using exchange-quoted prices. Physical commodities inventory also includes agricultural commodities that are a part of the trading activities of a non-broker dealer subsidiary and are recorded at net realizable value using exchange-quoted prices. The fair value of precious metals physical commodities inventory is based upon unadjusted exchange-quoted prices and is, therefore, classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of agricultural physical commodities inventory and the related OTC firm sale and purchase commitments are generally based upon exchange-quoted prices, adjusted for basis or differences in local markets, broker or dealer quotations or market transactions in either listed or OTC markets. Exchange-quoted prices are adjusted for location and quality because the exchange-quoted prices for agricultural and energy related products represent contracts that have standardized terms for commodity, quantity, future delivery period, delivery location, and commodity quality or grade. The basis or local market adjustments are observable inputs or have an insignificant impact on the measurement of fair value and, therefore, the agricultural physical commodities inventory, as well as the related OTC forward firm sale and purchase commitments have been included within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
With the exception of certain derivative instruments where the valuation approach is disclosed above, financial instruments owned and sold are primarily valued using third-party pricing sources. Third-party pricing vendors compile prices from various sources and often apply matrix pricing for similar securities when market-observable transactions for the instruments are not observable for substantially the full term. The Company reviews the pricing methodologies used by third-party pricing vendors in order to evaluate the fair value hierarchy classification of vendor-priced financial instruments and the accuracy of vendor pricing, which typically involves comparing of primary vendor prices to internal trader prices or secondary vendor prices. When evaluating the propriety of vendor-priced financial instruments using secondary prices, considerations include the range and quality of vendor prices, level of observable transactions for identical and similar instruments, and judgments based upon knowledge of a particular market and asset class. If the primary vendor price does not represent fair value, justification for using a secondary price, including source data used to make the determination, is subject to review and approval by authorized
10

personnel prior to using a secondary price. Financial instruments owned and sold that are valued using third party pricing sources are included within either Level 1 or Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy based upon the observability of the inputs used and the level of activity in the market.
The fair value estimates presented herein are based on pertinent information available to management as of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023. Although management is not aware of any factors that would significantly affect the estimated fair value amounts, such amounts have not been comprehensively revalued for purposes of these condensed consolidated financial statements since that date and current estimates of fair value may differ significantly from the amounts presented herein.
11

The following tables set forth the Company’s financial and nonfinancial assets and liabilities accounted for at fair value, on a recurring basis, as of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 by level in the fair value hierarchy. All fair value measurements were performed on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023.
 December 31, 2023
(in millions)Level 1Level 2Level 3Netting (1)Total
Assets:
Certificates of deposit $12.3 $ $ $ $12.3 
Money market mutual funds50.4    50.4 
Cash and cash equivalents62.7    62.7 
Commodities warehouse receipts3.5    3.5 
Securities and other assets segregated under federal and other regulations3.5    3.5 
U.S. Treasury obligations3,245.0    3,245.0 
To be announced and forward settling securities  26.1  (19.5)6.6 
Foreign government obligations19.1    19.1 
Derivatives4,675.3 1,159.1  (5,335.8)498.6 
Deposits with and receivables from broker-dealers, clearing organizations and counterparties, net7,939.4 1,185.2  (5,355.3)3,769.3 
Receivables from clients, net - Derivatives71.9 415.9  (486.7)1.1 
Equity securities 422.1 10.5   432.6 
Corporate and municipal bonds 208.4   208.4 
U.S. Treasury obligations735.8    735.8 
U.S. government agency obligations 132.0   132.0 
Foreign government obligations26.0    26.0 
Agency mortgage-backed obligations 3,056.8   3,056.8 
Asset-backed obligations 107.5   107.5 
Derivatives0.5 1,027.6  (794.9)233.2 
Commodities leases 16.6   16.6 
Commodities warehouse receipts 66.3    66.3 
Exchange firm common stock 12.6    12.6 
Cash flow hedges 10.2   10.2 
Mutual funds and other23.6  2.8  26.4 
Financial instruments owned1,286.9 4,569.6 2.8 (794.9)5,064.4 
Physical commodities inventory174.6 139.8   314.4 
Total assets at fair value$9,539.0 $6,310.5 $2.8 $(6,636.9)$9,215.4 
Liabilities:
Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities$ $ $1.6 $ $1.6 
Payables to clients - Derivatives4,640.3 147.2  (4,334.5)453.0 
To be announced and forward settling securities 71.3  (19.5)51.8 
Derivatives92.6 1,395.1  (1,488.0)(0.3)
Payable to broker-dealers, clearing organizations and counterparties92.6 1,466.4  (1,507.5)51.5 
Equity securities 318.7 5.1   323.8 
Foreign government obligations32.6    32.6 
Corporate and municipal bonds 117.0   117.0 
U.S. Treasury obligations2,003.5    2,003.5 
U.S. government agency obligations 23.8   23.8 
Agency mortgage-backed obligations 0.6   0.6 
Derivatives6.5 866.7  (635.7)237.5 
Cash flow hedges 8.0   8.0 
Other  1.2  1.2 
Financial instruments sold, not yet purchased2,361.3 1,021.2 1.2 (635.7)2,748.0 
Total liabilities at fair value $7,094.2 $2,634.8 $2.8 $(6,477.7)$3,254.1 
(1)Represents cash collateral and the impact of netting across at each level of the fair value hierarchy.
12

 September 30, 2023
(in millions)Level 1Level 2Level 3Netting (1)Total
Assets:
Certificates of deposit $8.7 $ $ $ $8.7 
Money market mutual funds57.8    57.8 
Cash and cash equivalents66.5    66.5 
Commodities warehouse receipts5.8    5.8 
Securities and other assets segregated under federal and other regulations5.8    5.8 
U.S. Treasury obligations4,023.8    4,023.8 
To be announced and forward settling securities 73.5  (31.7)41.8 
Foreign government obligations17.8    17.8 
Derivatives5,497.5 1,135.9  (6,468.5)164.9 
Deposits with and receivables from broker-dealers, clearing organizations and counterparties, net9,539.1 1,209.4  (6,500.2)4,248.3 
Receivables from clients, net - Derivatives61.7 561.3 (630.9)(7.9)
Equity securities 324.0 10.3   334.3 
Corporate and municipal bonds 284.2   284.2 
U.S. Treasury obligations531.7    531.7 
U.S. government agency obligations 451.7   451.7 
Foreign government obligations43.3    43.3 
Agency mortgage-backed obligations 2,865.8   2,865.8 
Asset-backed obligations 138.8   138.8 
Derivatives0.6 868.1  (600.2)268.5 
Commodities leases 16.0   16.0 
Commodities warehouse receipts 54.7    54.7 
Exchange firm common stock 12.0    12.0 
Cash flow hedges 1.7   1.7 
Mutual funds and other39.3  2.8  42.1 
Financial instruments owned1,005.6 4,636.6 2.8 (600.2)5,044.8 
Physical commodities inventory240.3 146.2   386.5 
Total assets at fair value$10,919.0 $6,553.5 $2.8 $(7,731.3)$9,744.0 
Liabilities:
Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities - contingent liabilities$ $ $1.5 $ $1.5 
Payables to clients - Derivatives5,430.7 226.2 (5,577.1)79.8 
To be announced and forward settling securities 47.5  (31.4)16.1 
Derivatives112.2 1,402.0  (1,520.1)(5.9)
Payable to broker-dealers, clearing organizations and counterparties112.2 1,449.5  (1,551.5)10.2 
Equity securities 230.6 5.5   236.1 
Foreign government obligations21.5    21.5 
Corporate and municipal bonds 81.6   81.6 
U.S. Treasury obligations2,409.3    2,409.3 
U.S. government agency obligations 5.1   5.1 
Agency mortgage-backed obligations 31.7   31.7 
Derivatives2.4 769.2  (510.4)261.2 
Cash flow hedges 27.1   27.1 
Other 10.9 1.1  12.0 
Financial instruments sold, not yet purchased2,663.8 931.1 1.1 (510.4)3,085.6 
Total liabilities at fair value $8,206.7 $2,606.8 $2.6 $(7,639.0)$3,177.1 
(1)Represents cash collateral and the impact of netting across at each level of the fair value hierarchy.
Realized and unrealized gains and losses are included in Principal gains, net, Interest income, and Cost of sales of physical commodities in the Condensed Consolidated Income Statements.

13

Additional disclosures about the fair value of financial instruments that are not carried on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value
Many, but not all, of the financial instruments that the Company holds are recorded at fair value in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The following represents financial instruments for which the ending balance at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 was not carried at fair value on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets in accordance with U.S. GAAP:
Short-term financial instruments: The carrying value of short-term financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, cash segregated under federal and other regulations, securities purchased under agreements to resell and securities sold under agreements to repurchase, and securities borrowed and loaned are recorded at amounts that approximate the fair value of these instruments due to their short-term nature and level of collateralization. These financial instruments generally expose the Company to limited credit risk and have no stated maturities or have short-term maturities and carry interest rates that approximate market rates. Under the fair value hierarchy, cash and cash equivalents and cash segregated under federal and other regulations are classified as Level 1. Securities purchased under agreements to resell and securities sold under agreements to repurchase, and securities borrowed and loaned are classified as Level 2 under the fair value hierarchy as they are generally overnight or short-term in nature and are collateralized by equity securities, U.S. Treasury obligations, U.S. government agency obligations, agency mortgage-backed obligations, and asset-backed obligations.
Receivables and other assets: Receivables from broker-dealers, clearing organizations, and counterparties, receivables from clients, net, notes receivables, and certain other assets are recorded at amounts that approximate fair value due to their short-term nature and are classified as Level 2 under the fair value hierarchy.
Payables: Payables to clients and payables to broker-dealers, clearing organizations, and counterparties are recorded at amounts that approximate fair value due to their short-term nature and are classified as Level 2 under the fair value hierarchy.
Lenders under loans: Payables to lenders under loans carry variable rates of interest and thus approximate fair value and are classified as Level 2 under the fair value hierarchy.
Senior secured borrowings, net: Senior secured borrowings, net includes the Company's 8.625% Senior Secured Notes due 2025 (the “Senior Secured Notes”), as further described in Note 9, with a carrying value of $342.9 million as of December 31, 2023. The carrying value of the Senior Secured Notes represent their principal amount net of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discount. As of December 31, 2023, the Senior Secured Notes had a fair value of $351.9 million and are classified as Level 2 under the fair value hierarchy.
Note 4 – Financial Instruments with Off-Balance Sheet Risk and Concentrations of Credit Risk
The Company is party to certain financial instruments with off-ba